Marble statue of an owl
Owls had a bad reputation because these birds are active in the night and people were afraid of them. Because these animals were associated with graveyards, they were connected with the souls of the dead. Also because of its excellent sight at night, it was thought to be able to predict the future.
The inscription is greek but the bird is standing in what seems to be an Egyptian posture. Under one of its claws lies a dead mouse.
Early roman empire, 0 - 100 AD
Source: Leiden Museum of Antiquities